Pakistan pays no heed to Afghan government demands

In recent days, public hatred towards Pakistan has peaked in Afghanistan.

Afghan paper says US pressure on Pakistan ‘mere words’


American Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has increased pressure on Pakistan over its perceived backing for the Taliban in Afghanistan.

Excerpt from editorial in Dari “Who can make Pakistan accountable and responsible?” by private Afghan newspaper Daily Afghanistan on 3 February

In recent days, public hatred towards Pakistan has peaked in Afghanistan. Its [Pakistan’s] interference in the domestic affairs of Afghanistan, and its support for militant groups is so clear that nobody in the country doubts it. Therefore, following the recent deadly attacks against the people of Afghanistan, security authorities and the leadership of the Afghan government have stepped up efforts to convince that country to desist from supporting militant groups.

Despite recent pressures by the United States and the international community, Pakistan is yet to accept responsibility. This lack of accountability and acceptance of responsibility by Pakistan is very natural – if that country actually admits that it interferes in the internal affairs of Afghanistan and supports militant groups, all problems of Afghanistan would be solved.

The main question is who can force Pakistan to do this?

The fact is no power except the United States can make Pakistan account for its decisions and acts. US’ relations with Pakistan and its intelligence agencies, their joint decisions on key regional issues in South Asia – right from the time of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan – are such that a confrontation between the two is impossible. However, there are still many suspicions about the role the United States has played in the formation of an extremist front that eventually gave birth to terrorism in the region. .

What has further fuelled these suspicions is that the US, despite being aware of all decisions and goals of Pakistan over the years, failed to take a tough stance against it. In the absence of an international supervisory mechanism, and with US aid, Pakistan has not only supported terrorism, it has also formed extremist groups in order to achieve its regional goals. So whatever has so far been done, has taken place with US support and that country’s indifference towards Pakistan’s activities.

Although the new US strategy on South Asia and Afghanistan clearly involves putting pressures on Pakistan – and the US president has repeatedly said Pakistan is responsible for militancy in the region – no actual step has so far been taken against Pakistan to stop its generous support for terrorists.

Whatever that has been said is mere words and policy announcements. In practice, no pressure has been exerted on Pakistan, either through international mechanisms such as United Nations Security Council, or through individual mechanisms like suspension of US political and economic support.

Afghanistan should now spare no effort in driving the attention of the world to the threat of terrorism in the region.

Source: Daily Afghanistan, in Dari, February 03, 2018
© 2018 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Afghan paper says government ignoring roots of terror at home



Excerpt from report by privately-owned Afghan daily newspaper Mandegar

Text of editorial entitled “Do not speak about Islamabad; pay attention to Kabul” published in Dari by the Afghan private Mandegar daily on 3 February

Following the terrible vehicle bomb and other similar attacks in Kabul, Afghan security officials visited Islamabad. On returning to Kabul, they said Pakistani officials had accepted that some of Taliban attacks in Afghanistan were organised on Pakistani soil. Their statements, however, were soon rejected by the Pakistani Embassy in Kabul. The Pakistani Embassy said: The government of this country has not made any confessions in this regard and has not said anything as such to the Afghan security officials; the Pakistani delegation’s visit to Kabul has nothing to do with Kabul’s recent security issues and is aimed at discussing other issues which the two sides had agreed on a long time ago.

This stance by Pakistan shows that the visit of Afghan security officials to this country was not really important to them, and the effort by our security officials to visit Islamabad and its result for the people of Afghanistan have all been nothing but futile.

Recent statements by security officials, however, seem to have some problems and shortcomings. Submitting [to Pakistan] documents and evidence regarding the recent attacks in Kabul doesn’t seem to be honest. If such documents really exist then they should have been shared with the country’s media and international institutions before submitting them to the Pakistani officials. Considering the current sensitive and critical situation in Afghanistan, diplomatic and ceremonial relations, namely visits by military-security delegations cannot resolve the problems between the two countries. Such documents should be submitted to the United Nations Security Council, so that this powerful institution can use them to exert more pressure on Pakistan.

Large-scale and calamitous attacks have been taking place in Kabul for years now but the government has never followed up to the end their root causes. The recent attack will also be forgotten in a month time. The question now is this: why don’t the Afghan security officials focus on the centres and supporters of suicide attackers inside the country which are crystal clear to the people and security agencies instead of traveling to Pakistan and deceiving public opinion? [Question mark as published] Why do they not deal with perpetrators of these attacks in Kabul even if their command centres are in Pakistan? [Question mark as published]

It is clear that the incompetent and incapable officials have politicised the country’s security agencies and have made them ineffective. These institutes as private agencies have been prevented from carrying out their national duties. While we cannot ignore the bravery, compassion, and honesty of soldiers, officers and low-ranking personnel of the country’s security agencies who are being sacrificed every day, it must be said, however, that most of the high-ranking security officials are incompetent and corrupt, and some of them are part of the well-known circle of infiltrators with a poisonous sting. If these organs are not purged of these corrupt individuals then no other measure will be effective in resolving the current insecurity.

The key to success against terrorist attacks is to purge the security and political organs of corrupt individuals… and replace them with competent persons who are ready to sacrifice their lives for the dignity and comfort of the people of Afghanistan. Of course, the realisation of such a thing needs the determination of the presidency and Mr Ghani; otherwise, the situation will not change! [Exclamation mark as published]

Source: Mandegar in Dari, February 03, 2018
© 2018 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Pakistan pays no heed to Afghan government demands – paper


Excerpt from report by Afghan newspaper Etilaat-e Roz, affiliated with Jonbesh Roshnai movement.

Excerpt from editorial entitled “Government’s expectation from Pakistan” published in Dari by Afghan private newspaper Etilaat-e Roz, affiliated to the Jonbesh Roshnai Movement, on 3 February

Speaking at a news conference last Thursday, the Afghan interior minister and the head of the National Directorate of Security said that this time Pakistan had made a “limited confession” regarding criticisms by the [Afghan] government. Briefing the media out lets about the result of their trip to Pakistan, the country’s security officials said Pakistani officials had listened to them with a constructive spirit. The [Afghan] security officials believe that the Taliban have claimed responsibility for recent incidents in Kabul, and since many of them [Taliban] are in Pakistan, the country must take action against them. The head of National Directorate of Security, Mr Stanekzai, having submitted the documents and evidence to officials in Islamabad about the Taliban’s activity in Pakistan, hopes that the country will no longer have any reason to disregard the demand of Afghanistan. Yesterday, President Ghani stressed that Pakistan must take practical steps against terrorism.

[US President] Donald Trump’s anger with Pakistan and his country’s attempt to put pressure on Pakistan have given hope to the government officials in Kabul that Islamabad will on this occasion listen to them and close the door of the terrorists’ shops in Pakistani cities of Quetta and Peshawar. Will this hope come true? [Question mark as published] Will Pakistan in response to President Ghani’s repeated requests and travel by his security officials to Islamabad, agree to control the leadership and organizers of terrorist attacks? [Question mark as published] Despite this optimism there is no sign of Pakistan retreating in this regard. In the past, the country has also shown that it has never turned its back to the Taliban and the Haqqani Network.

Even when Barack Obama on the eve of entering the presidential race had to show an achievement in the war against terrorism in Afghanistan and despite lots of pressures and efforts, Pakistan continued to play its dual policy game. The operation to catch Osama bin Laden was carried out in secret because there was no trust in Islamabad. When the war on terror was reaching its conclusion in early 2005 and 2006, Pakistan warned Arab supporters of the Taliban that they [Taliban] would fall if they did not sponsor the Taliban…

President Ghani’s deal with Pakistan at the start of the formation of the National Unity Government (NUG) is a clear example of Pakistan’s deceitful behaviour. [Passage omitted, background information]

The situation today has not changed for Pakistan in terms of trust in this country. Afghan imports from Pakistan have fallen by 80%. The Afghan government’s economic plans are focused on reopening economic cooperation with Central Asian countries. Afghanistan is a shareholder of the Chabahar Port, which Pakistan does not like as it has no benefits for Pakistan and it is an attempt by India to bypass Karachi, the bread basket of Pakistan. In political relations, Pakistan is now closer to Russia, while India is celebrating its warm relationship with Washington.

Pakistan knows that it doesn’t have to worry about Kabul’s warnings and demands. The Afghan government has also shown that it can do nothing to exert pressure other than just warn the country. For all these obligations to come to fruition, what President Ghani asked for, the government needs to have a tool other than just warnings and sending evidence.

Source: Etilaat-e Roz, Kabul, in Dari, February 04, 2018
© 2018 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

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