Another Round of Futile Talks!

Next month, another round of futile talks would take place in Djibouti

February 20, 2018

Mogadishu-Hargeisa talks

In the last decade, peace talks and negotiations between Hargeisa and Mogadishu have experimented and viewed as an alternative to war, violence, and balkanization of Somalia.

Many Somali observers have repeatedly said that the on-and-off talks between Mogadishu and Hargeisa would produce no result and there were ample reasons that they could furnish. However, The International Community were optimistic about these talks and hoped that Hargeisa’s secessionist stance might soften in the process and pave the way to clarify their future relations.

The last talks halted in March 2015, after Hargeisa delegation led by Muse Bihi Yunis rejected to meet Mogadishu delegation. Musa Bihi’s argument was that “two members of Mogadishu’s delegates hail from Somaliland regions”.

Next month, another round of futile talks would take place in Djibouti – despite the fact that many Somali elders from “Somaliland” regions have loudly rejected Villa Somalia’s proposal for the resumption of another futile talks.

Roobdoon Forum observed that both Mogadishu and Hargeisa are using these talks on different thinly veiled schemes. Hargeisa wants to exploit it as an opportunity to secede officially from Mogadishu; if that is not possible, it hopes to sign a new agreement similar to one they signed with the South in 1960. Mogadishu, on the other hand, plans to use these negotiations to raise Villa Somalia’s profile and distract the attention of International Community/donors away from its inner circle squabbles, which could trigger another clan conflicts within Mogadishu.

A decade of fruitless talks has already proven that both Mogadishu and Hargeisa are taking on the wrong path. Therefore, it is very plausible that if these talks, which even lack its preparatory groundwork, continue in this manner, other legitimate ways to achieve peace will be blocked.
By Roobdoon Forum

Are Hargeisa and Mogadishu ready to resume dialogue?

January 19, 2018 – The Somali and Somaliland presidents Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo and Musa Bihi Abdi have spoken on the telephone for the first time since the latter was sworn in on 14 December. They discussed the border conflict in the region of Sool between Puntland and Somaliland and above all raised the possibility of resuming the dialogue between Mogadishu and Hargeisa which was broken off in March 2015. First and foremost, Musa Bihi Abdi assured Farmajo that he was keen to find a diplomatic rather than a military solution to the conflict with Puntland. On the subject of mediation, the two leaders agreed to ask the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, a private diplomatic organisation based in Geneva and Nairobi, to facilitate their discussions. Switzerland, Norway, Sweden and Turkey are also likely to play a mediation role.
Source: ION, January 19,2018
© Copyrights 2018 Indigo Publications All Rights Reserved

Mediation begins between Hargeisa and Mogadishu

November 03, 2017 – Somali and Somaliland representatives gathered in Addis Ababa on 16 October for secret meetings aimed at re-establishing political dialogue between Hargeisa and Mogadishu, which stalled in March 2015. The Addis Ababa gathering followed two meetings in Nairobi to agree on new mediators after the Somaliland president Ahmed Mohamed Mahamoud, known as Silanyo, rejected Turkey, which he views as too close to Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo . According to our sources, Norway and Sweden may therefore be designated to oversee the political process, which is likely to resume in March 2018. On the Somali side, the lead negotiator will be Nur Deria Hersi [Hawiye, Habar Gidir, Sacad], while his Somaliland counterpart will be the former foreign minister Edna Adan Ismail [Isaaq]. The central question in these talks will be whether Somaliland should be incorporated into the Federal Republic of Somalia or remain independent.
Source: ION, November 03, 2017
© Copyrights 2017 Indigo Publications All Rights Reserved

Musa Bihi Abdi takes over from Silanyo in international politics

March 18, 2016 – The President of Somaliland Ahmed Mohamed Mahamoud, aka Silanyo, is losing steam with the international community. Despite a recent attempt to resume reconciliation discussions which he had himself suspended with his Somalian opposite number, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, Silanyo received no response from Mogadishu. The Somalian government is now waiting for Musa Bihi Abdi, the candidate fielded by the ruling party Kulmiye in the presidential election in March 2017, before resuming dialogue with Hargeisa. His political advisors have just completed a tour of the countries in the region and in early March met with American and European representatives to inform them about the foreign policy their candidate intends to conduct.
Source: ION, March 18, 2016
© Copyrights 2016 Indigo Publications All Rights Reserved

Turkey-sponsored Somali unity talks on verge of collapse

Text of report by Somali news website Raxanreeb on March 02, 2015

Talks between Somalia’s federal government and the self-declared Somaliland are reported to be on the edge of closure.

The 8th round of talks between Somalia and Somaliland was set to commence yesterday in Istanbul before Somaliland’s delegation refused to open talks with the Somali federal government delegation.

Somaliland delegation led by the break-away state’s foriegn minister, Musse Bihi Yunis, rejected to meet Somali government delegation, reasoning some members of the Somalia delegation hail from Somaliland region.

Bihi Yunis, speaking at Egal airport in Hargeysa before departing for Turkey, stated that they will not open talks with the Somali federal government delegation if individuals who hail from regions under Somaliland are included, adding ” we will only talk with individuals from south Somalia.”

Somali federal government delegation for these talks include minister of transport and aviation Jangeli and minister of information Mareye, both come from regions claimed by Somaliland.

Turkey, a recent key ally of Somalia, had began convincing Somaliland’s delegation to attend the talks and should not consider the background of the members of the delegation, according to sources.

The fate of the talks remains unclear as Somaliland puts before attending the talks.
Source: Raxanreeb website in English, March 02, 2015
© 2015 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Mogadishu wants to subjugate Hargeisa

February 16, 2016 – Somaliland President Ahmed Mohamed Mahamud, known as Silanyo, is now threatening his counterpart in Somalia, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, to break off their bilateral relations. In a note submitted in late January for approval by the UN Security Council, the Somalian Head of State announced that he wanted to appoint three representatives of Somaliland in the upper chamber, which the Somalian government would choose. Furthermore, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud angered Silanyo by telling him he would include Somaliland in the federal system, conferring it the status of sixth autonomous region. Somaliland should therefore participate in the selection of the next president in the next election in Somalia, which will probably see the re-election of Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud, much to the chagrin of Silanyo. Moreover, the Somalian president wants to thwart Somaliland’s attempts to obtain recognition by the international community (ION 1419).
Source: ION, February 16, 2016
© Copyrights 2016 Indigo Publications All Rights Reserved

Mogadishu woos the Issaq

January 02, 2015 – The possibility that former Somaliland ministers might be in the next federal government in Mogadishu was on the agenda at the talks in Djibouti on 20 and 21 December between the President of Somaliland, Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud known as Silanyo, and the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. Under the fire from the international community for dragging his feet over giving his next government a truly federal dimension by opening it to the clans from the various regional states, President Mohamud finally made a goodwill gesture to Hargeisa. He offered to take into his government two Somaliland former ministers: the ex-minister for foreign affairs and ex-minister for trade Mohamed Abdillahi Omar (Issaq/Saad Muse), and ex-minister for the interior, Mohamed Nur Arale, known as Duur (Issaq/Haber Yonis). Omar was offered the foreign affairs portfolio with the rank of deputy prime minister and Duur that of minister for oil and mining.

However, as Omar has just been made the African Union (AU) mediator, Hargeisa put forward to other names to join the Mogadishu government: Mohamoud Abdilahi Jama Sifir (Issaq), Somaliland’s current ambassador to Kenya and Hussein Jiciir (Issaq), the former mayor of Hargeisa.

President Mohamoud had already appointed a new prime minister on 17 December, a Darod/Majerteen in the person of Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, who has been the Somalia ambassador to the United States since July.
Source: ION, January 02, 2015
© Copyrights 2015 Indigo Publications All Rights Reserved

Somalia, Somaliland reach several-point agreement in Djibouti

Mogadishu-Hargeisa talks

Text of report by London-based Somali-language Universal TV on December 21, 2014.

[Unattributed report: “Somalia, Somaliland Agree on Several Issues, Accept To Meet In Turkey in January 2015”]

Two-day long talks between the presidents of Somalia and Somaliland under the auspices of Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh concluded in the Djibouti capital on 21 December.

Delegations led by President Hasan Shaykh Mahmud of Somalia and Ahmad Muhammad Silanyo of Somaliland, a breakaway region claiming independence from the rest of Somalia attended the talks.

After the talks ended, the two leaders addressed the media jointly, issuing a several-point statement on the agreement reached by the two sides.

The two sides mainly agreed on the following:

To fast-track the talks between the two sides, concluding them within a fixed timeline,

To fast-track implementation of the previously-agreed upon political issues,

To allow both parties to attend together internationally-host talks on Somalia if necessary,

To meet again on 15 and 16 January 2015 in Istanbul, Turkey, and,

To implement the previous agreement on the country’s airspace management.
Source: Universal TV, London, in Somali, December 21, 2014
© 2014 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Turkey hosts talks between Somalia and Somaliland

 Mogadishu-Hargeisa talks

January 20, 2014 – Turkey hosted the third official talks between Somalia and Somaliland for the improvement of relations and political dialogue between the country and its autonomous zone on Jan. 16-19 in İstanbul.

Releasing a statement on Monday, the Foreign Ministry said that during the inter-delegation meeting, the two sides had agreed on a final statement.

The creation of an office in Turkey to assure the steps that will be taken, the rules that will be followed, the resolution process and the institutionalization of talks is among the points that were agreed on during the meetings. The two sides also expressed a commitment to holding talks every 90 days.

Interior Minister Abdikarim Hussein Guled represented Somalia in the talks, while Somaliland was represented by its foreign minister, Mohamed Bihi Yonis.

The Foreign Ministry welcomed the talks’ final statement, underlining that Turkey will continue to host the talks between Somalia and Somaliland for the prosperity and stability of its friends and brothers, the Somali people. The statement also said that Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu had called the two ministers and congratulated them after the meeting.

Turkey places great importance on the integrity of Somalia and pledges to continue its support for the reconciliation, stability, prosperity and development of Somalia.

Somaliland unilaterally declared its independence as a de facto sovereign state in 1991 after a coalition of clan-based armed opposition groups ousted the nation’s long-standing military government. Somalia wants Somaliland to be part of a united country. But the territory, which has been a haven of peace compared with the chaos and bloodshed in the country’s south, is seeking international recognition. The international community is urging the sides to find a negotiated solution.
Source: Cihan News Agency, Istanbul, in English, on January 20, 2014
© 2014 Cihan News Agency

Erdogan meets with Somaliland leader in Istanbul

Mogadishu-Hargeisa talks in Turkey

Somalia’s interior minister Abdikarim Husayn Gulled, who together with Somaliland’s Muhamad A Umar, co-signed the Ankara communique after a Dialogue meeting hosted by the Turkish government in Istanbul on 7-9 July 2013.

October 02, 2013- Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan met with the leader of Somalia’s autonomous Somaliland region, Ahmed Muhammed Silanyo, in İstanbul on Wednesday.

The meeting was closed to the press. Turkey holds regular direct talks between the leaders of Somalia and Somaliland, acting as a mediator to resolve the problematic issues between the two sides.

Somaliland unilaterally declared its independence as a de facto sovereign state in 1991 after a coalition of clan-based armed opposition groups ousted the nation’s long-standing military government. Somalia wants Somaliland to be part of a united country. But the territory, which has been a haven of relative peace amid the chaos and bloodshed in the country’s south, is seeking international recognition.

The international community is urging the sides to find a negotiated solution.

Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mahmoud and Silanyo came together for the first time in a tripartite meeting held by top Turkish officials at the request of the two parties in Ankara in mid-April.

Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu described the first meeting on April 13 in İstanbul as a “historic start,” at which the parties signed the “Ankara communiqué,” voicing their commitment to the continuation of dialogue during proximity talks hosted by Turkey.

In early July, Davutoğlu also came together with officials from Somalia and Somaliland in a continuation of the peace talks between the two sides which started on April 13.The Somaliland president also visited Turkey in mid-March to have talks with Turkish officials, including Davutoğlu, who pledged to increase aid efforts to Somaliland. During his visit, Silanyo was also scheduled to meet with Erdoğan; however, the meeting had to be canceled due to Erdoğan’s poor health. Diplomatic sources stated that five ministers from the Somaliland side also attended the Davutoğlu-Silanyo meeting, which was closed to the press.

Meanwhile, in mid-January, Ankara also hosted the Somalia Core Group meeting which aimed to discuss the rebuilding of the Somali army. Turkey is part of the Somalia Core Group and recently signed an agreement with Somalia on training, technical and scientific cooperation in the military field.

Turkey places great importance on the integrity of Somalia and pledges to continue its support for the reconciliation, stability, prosperity and development of Somalia.
Source: Zaman website, Istanbul, in English, on October 02, 2013
© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


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