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Somalia`s New Tongue Twisting Names
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Iran Commentary Says Mursi Playing `America`s Game` in Syria
Keyhan Online
Sunday, December 9, 2012


 


Commentary by Mohammad Imani headlined: “A Crisis Needs a Catalyst”


Syria and Egypt, two countries in the north and south of occupied Palestine`s borders, are experiencing conditions that are mixed with tension. It seems that events in Syria and Egypt are different in appearance but at heart, these two situations present the same two sides of the coin. During the Syrian saga, Mr Mohammad Morsi stood on the side of the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar. He admonished the Syrian government and said nothing about the role of foreign interference in the creation and continuation of the crisis. But in the fifth month of his presidency, Morsi is facing significant experiences. The first president after the January 2010 revolution, is now witnessing certain truths in Cairo and he says in a live television program that “a number of people have received money and weapons to attack people and disrupt peace and stability in Egypt.” The fact that during the Syrian saga, Morsi has been drawn into the game of the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar, and has spoken against the Syrian regime, will not prevent the axis of reactionism from not implementing a similar game against the new Egyptian government. Regardless of everything, like Syria, Egypt is also the Qods occupying regime`s neighbour and is becoming distanced from the former US regime (Mubarak).


Israel received three important strategic blows within a month. Initially, during the eight day war in Gaza, it opened the empty shell of its power against Hamas` growing power (the weakest link in the chain of Islamic resistance). The aftershocks of the explosion of Hamas rockets in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, and Herzliya had not yet abated when the United Nations (UN) Security Council accepted Palestinian observer membership. More important than the principle of this membership, was the number of the Zionist regime`s supporters in the “global community” that was limited to six or seven countries! However, this figure did not merely reflect Israel`s isolation. This number was a sign of the intense reduction in the scope of US influence in the world. Within a week, the UN General Assembly approved a resolution - non-binding - that wants the Zionist regime to submit to inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and open the doors to its nuclear installations. Once again, the same six or seven countres opposed the resolution. It was for this reason that 10 days ago, the United States accepted the costs of disgrace and reported the cancelation of the international conference on nuclear disarmament in the Middle East, because it was concerned over Israel`s further isolation and increased pressure on this regime. This collection of compressed events in less than a month was indicative of this important reality that after 64 years, the roots of the false regime have not been properly established. The intensification of tensions in Syria - in the north and south of the occupied lands - is in a sense the response to increasing pressure on Israel.


Egypt`s revolution and new government are under intense pressure. As far as contention with Mubarak`s regime, elements of which are still in power, is concerned, Morsi is facing difficulties. Almost five months ago, Morsi engaged in a test of strength with Ahmad Shafiq (Hosni Mubarak`s final prime minister) and he is now facing the National Salvation Front consisting of Mohamed Al-Barade`i, Amr Moussa, Hamdeen Sabahi, and others; something similar to our own revolution in the years 1979 to 1980 (1357 to 1358). In Iran also, the United States had been counting on a group of political figures, from Shapur Bakhtiyar, a member of the nationalist front, to the likes of Hasan Nazih, Bazargan, Banisadr, and even extremist left-wingers such as the leaders of the Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO). The plan was for the technocrats, the nationalists, the pseudo national religious movement, and even the MKO to be lined up against Imam Khomeyni`s leadership as a parallel movement and show people the wrong path. However, the Muslim Brotherhood and Mohamed Morsi will gradually show their true worth but what is important is that disregarding individuals, Israel and the United States are afraid of “Islamic awakening”; just as they consider Islamic resistance in the north and south of the occupied lands the premier threat. In such a climate, if the government affiliated to the Islamists in Egypt is overthrown and reactionaries (anti-revolution) are revived, so much the better. However, even if this does not happen but the new government is weakened, Egypt will have no choice but to withdraw its support for the Palestinian Islamic resistance as a result of the existing economic pressures. In other words, this will give the Zionist regime breathing space.


It must be emphasized that the current fluctuations in Egypt and the existing provocations for preventing a referendum on the new Constitution and the establishment of a new political system, continue to draw attention to the void that exists within the leadership. In one sense, a comparison of the developments in Egypt`s current tumultuous situation will make us better understand the uniqueness and the loftiness of the Islamic Revolution. Imam Khomeyni`s talent lay in the execution of a referendum on the Islamic Republic and the Constitution in order to clarify the realities of the “new Iran”, despite the significantly more intense crises that had been created by enemies, so that the Islamic Republic of Iran and its Constitution would be forever stamped with the unanimous approval of the Iranian nation. Later, the nationalist Hasan Nazih and Farrokh-Negahdar, head of the Fadai`yan-e Khalq Organization faced the objection over why they surrendered to Ayatollah Khomeyni`s religious leadership. According to Gooyanews, Nazih has said in this respect: “The truth is that we did not have the ability to mobilize even 50 people but whatever summons was issued by Ayatollah Khomeyni, it was welcomed by millions of people. Had we not gone along with him, we would have been isolated.” Last January (Bahman), in an interview with the Mihan website, Negahdar also emphasized: “I realized that Ayatollah Khomeyni has extraordinary influence throughout the country and he relies on the people ... (as published here and throughout) I remember that when we were traveling through villages between Qom and Kashan with my friend Ahmad Ashraf in 1970 (1349), we saw that his picture was on the wall of the villagers` houses and his word carried weight ... For everyone, he was the person who broke the great and invincible barrier that was the Shah. This power would dazzle everyone and demanded that a title such as Imam or leader would be chosen for him.”


Iran`s exalted status continues to shine even 34 years after the Islamic Revolution. Condoleezza Rice, the Bush administration`s secretary of state - the person who spoke of birth pains for the new Middle East at the height of the 2006 war in Lebanon -recently wrote an analysis in the Washington Post and pointed out: “The situation in the Middle East, to rebuild our forces and to maintain the balance of power, is now out of our hands ... We cannot repeat the Libyan saga in Syria because everything is different and such a belief is more like a dangerous gamble ... Today, Iran has crossed the ethnic and racial borders and expanded its influence in Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria. Syria presents a bridge for Iran in order to reach the Arab Middle East ... Dangers in the Middle East are increasing and the latter is in an extremely dangerous position. If the Middle East collapses, the existing regional order would be threatened, in which case Iran will be the winner and we shall be the loser in the game. War in the Middle East is inevitable. The conflicts in the region will gradually escalate. The US election has come to an end. The United States must do something right now.” Rice`s analysis comes to an end with this same phrase: “The United States must do something.” But like many others, she does not know what to do, although she does know that the heart be at of the region`s important developments is in the hands of Iran. She, in addition to many others, see that as a result of the birth of the new Middle East, the destruction of the Tel Aviv regime`s last bit of remaining political and security power is serious. More than six years ago, she heard from some of the Muslim Brotherhood leaders, who said at the time that the Hamas and Hezbollah movements were their role models for combat. This meant that the improved version of Islamic resistance would be Islamic awakening. This understanding, combined with fear of the new situation, will necessitate attention and concentration on the engine of resistance and Islamic awakening in Iran. One of these tools can be increasing the pressure of sanctions as much as possible. They wish to maximize this pressure by February and March, but it will not be sufficient. This process has not borne fruit on its own and in order to reach an outcome, it needs catalysts inside Iran. In six months time, there will be the presidential election in Iran. This is an important terminal because the election race will naturally become heated and political excitement will increase. The minimum and maximum wishes in this respect can be monitored within the Western front. The outcome of these wishes is that the more inflamed Iran`s domestic political climate, the less attention and focus it will have with regard to the region`s developments, and its power of influencing these developments will consequently decline. The triangle of the United States, Israel, and Britain, in addition to their regional reactionary allies such as the Saudi regime, which has become active in connection with certain members of the activated sedition movement, look for the key to their numerous locks in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Bahrain, and even Egypt, in Iran. They consider the Islamic Republic to be the mother and the cause (!) of all their problems. In their opinion, the next six months will be an extremely important period of time that cannot be repeated, both as far as Iran and the region`s developments are concerned.


There is only one method to overcome the Iran-based resistance front and Islamic awakening and that is to heat up the domestic situation inside Iran. The Constitution and its guarantor - the guardianship of the jurisconsult (velayat-e faqih) - is the Islamic Republic`s center of gravity and cause of current stability. Therefore, the center of gravity, stability, and regulation of political traffic must be challenged in any way possible. They did not obtain any results from creating unrests in the streets and with outcomes that were contrary to engineered unrest, they forced a political organization and network, which had been constructed over two decades, into revelation and suicide. Wasted pawns cannot do much and they must therefore start counting on other individuals and circles; circles that may be able to carry out something similar to suicidal traps - this time in a political format - in Iran, out of misunderstanding and delusion. They must be able to constitute the detonator for the enemy`s deception operations and involve Iran in its own problems by creating controversy, marginalization, and giving prominence to secondary issues. It is only then that Israel may be able to come out alive from the oxygen tent and the United States may be able to revive its forces. As far as the enemy is concerned, in order to pull the brakes on the Islamic Republic, the principlists and principlism in Iran must first be dissolved or undermined. Giving prominence to secondary differences will realize an important part of this expectation. However much the government and Majles become tainted by this game, they will be prevented from playing a role in the front line of resistance and Islamic awakening; something that has already happened to a certain extent. For example, on the basis of friendship with the people of Israel, support for Islamic awakening and Islamic resistance will not spring from the strategic depth of the Islamic Republic.


(Description of Source: Tehran Keyhan Online in Persian -- Website of hardline conservative Tehran daily published by the Keyhan Institute publishing company; edited by Hoseyn Shari`atmadari, Supreme Leader Khamene`i`s representative to the paper; www.kayhannews.ir)


© Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.


Commentary Says Iran Able to Decode 50 Years of US Technology by UAV `Capture`
Resalat Online
Sunday, December 9, 2012


Commentary by Behruz Samarbakhsh: “Revealing the Secrets of the RQ-170”


The RQ-170 name has become synonymous with Iran`s name. It was nearly a year ago when one of the most advanced US drones, which had taken off from Afghanistan and entered Iranian airspace, was ultimately captured intact by our country`s forces. Although during those days, certain Americans claimed that this drone was faulty and had taken a wrong path, it has become completely evident today that this spy aircraft was captured by Iran in the midst of serious electronic warfare. Iran`s electronic warfare forces managed to land this ultra-modern aircraft on Iranian soil with the help of telecommunication systems.


Today however, this drone appears to be an invaluable war trophy for Iran`s defense abilities. The decoding of this drone meant that the capabilities of all US drones have been overcome because the RQ-170 is one of the most prominent US spy drones. Subsequently, it appears that today, Iran has attained a very high capability in understanding the details of the RQ-170`s construction to the extent that it can now manufacture a similar drone indigenously.


The news about the manufacture of the RQ-170 by Iran received widespread coverage by the world`s media. At the same time as US officials reject Iran`s claim about the decoding of this drone, the Christian Science Monitor has published a different opinion expressed by aerospace and cyber specialists. Last April (Ordibehesht), commander Amirali Hajizadeh, the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) Aerospace Forces chief, broke the news about the decoding of the US RQ-170 unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), which had been captured by Iran`s military forces, announcing certain details so that it would lead to a reaction by the Americans. Leon Panetta, the US secretary of defense, scorned this piece of news and said: “Based on my personal experiences, I can tell you that I seriously doubt their ability for doing the things they claim to have done.” Senator Joe Lieberman also rejected the Iranian claim about the construction of a similar drone and called it sensationalism by Iranians who are in a defensive position as a result of economic sanctions.


But according to what was published by the Christian Science Monitor, cyberspace and aerospace experts have different viewpoints. One of these people is Geoffrey Carr, who is a cyberspace security expert, and claims that the Iranians have the habit of exaggeration whilst the US secretary of defense and US politicians always tend to undermine other countries` capabilities. He continues: “It is safer if we consider Iran`s capability to be at least at the same level as some of its hackers, and some Iranian hackers have proved they are extremely capable.” The author of the book “Inside Cyber Warfare” adds: “Iran has been working on increasing its capabilities in the cyber warfare battleground for some time.” He believes that countries that are the best in this field are those that have a tendency to be exposed to the most attacks and Iran is certainly one such country. However, the decoding of this drone by the IRGC indicates that its forces have full knowledge of the RQ-170 and the proof for this claim is the four signs given out concerning this drone by commander Hajizadeh. According to information published by commander Hajizadeh, the RQ-170 subsystems were in California on 17 October 2010 (25 Mehr 1389) for the elimination of certain faults. After repair and flight tests were carried out on this drone, it was brought to Kandahar on 19 November 2010 (28 Aban 1389), where it was flown, but apparently some faults were again observed that they were unable to rectify. The sub-systems of this drone were again sent to an airport near Los Angeles in December 2010 to rectify new faults and it was returned to Kandahar again after repair operations, flight tests, and the testing of its subsystems, which are in fact its sensors and equipment. Two weeks before Bin Ladin was killed, this aircraft was flown over his place of death in Pakistan.


It is worth mentioning th at more than 50 years of US technology, both in the field of manned and unmanned aircraft, have been brought together in this RQ-170 reconnaissance aircraft. All the technologies that the US has put into the F35 fighters, the stealth bombers, Powercat (?) and other such machines, exist in this single aircraft. After the U2 aircraft was shot down in the former Soviet Union in 1960, leading to the capture of its US pilot, the Americans started thinking about unmanned aircraft and the downing of the RQ-170 by the IRGC is the United States` biggest scandal since that time. This drone, estimated to be capable of flying as high as 15 km to 18 km from ground level, has one engine, it is capable of evading radars to a great extent and is hardly visible by the human eye. This drone was made in 2007.


At the end, we can point out the fact that the capture of the ScanEagle drone is also one of the outcomes and fruits of the decoding of the RQ-170. Iran has managed to obtain the ability to confront other types of US drones by overcoming the RQ-170`s technology.


(Description of Source: Tehran Resalat Online in Persian -- Website of conservative Tehran daily, owned by the Resalat Foundation; associated with conservative merchants and clerics and the Islamic Coalition Party; www.resalat-news.com)


© Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.


Iran Commentary: UAV`s `Invasion` of Iran Airspace in Violation of UN Charter
Resalat Online
Sunday, December 9, 2012


Commentary by Ramezan Mo`ayeri: “The War of the UAVs”


It is not a long time since the armed forces of the world have first started making use of drones, but in reality today the drones have been turned into one of the most essential weapons of the powerful armies of the world.


The drones have great capabilities for spying, and the fact that they do not have any pilots has provided an opportunity for these small and fast aircraft to be used in hard, critical and extremely sensitive times. This is why during the past few years many advanced countries have produced and made use of the drones.


However, America may be one of the foremost countries in making use of drones. Whether in Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen or the Persian Gulf, America has made use of the drones in order to enhance her military might and to consolidate her intelligence and military dominance. At the same time, Iran`s extraordinary advancement in this field has turned America`s dreams into a nightmare.


The drones are a type of aircraft that are guided from a long distance and have been used since the year 2,000 in some modern wars. America alone has made use of those drones in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Israel for protection and also for the purposes of surveillance in the occupied territories. Some drones do not carry any weapons and are used only for reconnaissance and for listening to the enemy`s radio communications, but some drones are armed and are used in various forms of attacks.


Some of the drones that America uses are of the second variety. With a length of 11 meters, the height of four meters and the width of 20 meters, these drones can carry four missiles or two bombs. Two individuals are directly in charge of guiding those drones from America. This type of warfare has given rise to a great deal of controversy. In two recent studies by Stanford and New York universities the lack of contact between the pilots and the realities on the ground in the war has been strongly criticized.


Recently, an advanced drone of the American Navy was captured by Iran. ScanEagle, or the long-range American eagle eye, has now been captured by Iran and has no way of escaping. However, it seems that such continuing activities by America inside Iranian air space can usher in a new form of warfare in the world by making use of drones. Veronika Krasheninnikova, the managing director of the Russian Foreign Policy`s Institute of Political Initiative and Research, referring to the fact that the hunting down of surveillance drones has been quite unprecedented in the world, and speaking about the importance of the action that has been taken by Iran, said: “The hunting down of the American ScanEagle drone has opened a new era in electronic and aerial surveillance wars in the world.”


Speaking about the same issue in Moscow, Krasheninnikova added: “With this action, Iran has demonstrated her defensive capabilities and the high potential of her military industries to the world, and it shows that a great deal of such industries are still unknown to the world.” She continued: “However, those who are familiar with Iran and who travel to that country are well aware of the realities in that country, and they know that Iran is advancing very fast, and that her defensive capabilities are no exception to that rule either and are advancing in keeping with other sectors.”


Without mentioning any country`s name, Ms. Krasheninnikova said: “In some countries, having commercial relations are very important in the defense industries, and in this way weapons or weapons technologies will be transferred to other countries. However, in Iran the best weapons are provided for the armed forces and the Guards Corps, these two fundamental pillars and defensive arms of the Islamic Republic (presumably without having extensive foreign commerce), and the outcome of this policy can now be seen in the hunting down of American drones.”


This Russian analyst added: “Today we see that Iran has one of the best electronic military capabilities in the world, and this aspect of military sciences are not fully understood by the world.” She added: “In one year, Iran has managed to bring down two advanced American drones and to gain control of them without damaging them. This is a great victory that so far no other armed forces in the world has achieved.”


In the same connection, Dr. Elham Amin, university professor and an expert in international law, believes: “The violation of Iranian territory by the American drones gives Iran the right of engaging in reciprocal action.” Referring to the fact that the violations of other countries air spaces by the American drones have posed a challenge to international law, he said: “Of course, simply owning or making use of drones is not illegal, but the point is with what aim those countries make use of their drones.”


Referring to the fact that illegal flight in the airspace of a country by any means without formal permission is forbidden, this university professor pointed out: “In addition to the United Nations Charter that has condemned such violations, according to the Algiers Agreement (signed between Iran and America at the end of the hostage crisis) America has committed herself not to interfere in our domestic affairs. However, the violation of Iranian air space has opened the door to Iran`s legal complaints, and ultimately America has to apologize for these actions.”


(Description of Source: Tehran Resalat Online in Persian -- Website of conservative Tehran daily, owned by the Resalat Foundation; associated with conservative merchants and clerics and the Islamic Coalition Party; www.resalat-news.com)


© Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.


 


 


 


 



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