Iran: Commentary Says Mursi Came to Power Through Muslim Brotherhood `Collusion` With US, Israel
Jomhuri-ye Eslami Online
Tuesday, June 25, 2013
Commentary by Ali Janatti, former Iranian ambassador to Kuwait and Middle East affairs analyst entitled: “The Secret of Mursi`s Rise to Egypt`s Presidential Palace”
Revolt by the people of Egypt and the speedy developments in this country, which led to the overthrow of Mubarak`s regime, may have been a movement against dictatorship, corruption, and the regime`s affiliation to the United States and Zionism, and the youth of April 6 may have begun the widespread popular movement in the country, but the US government consciously tried to ride the wave of popular sentiments and to appropriate this movement in its own favor. On the other hand, Egypt`s Muslim Brotherhood, with its 80 year organizational history and experienced cadre, tried to exploit the people`s protest movement and the revolutionary climate in line with its own objectives and to take over power. Now that certain secret documents have been revealed, behind the scene deals between the brotherhood, the United States, the Zionist regime, and several regional countries, in order to achieve power, have been exposed. The mask has now been removed and the true face of some of the Muslim Brotherhood`s leaders has been revealed.
Observers who are in the know believe that general Omar Suleyman, politician and Egypt`s former intelligence chief, can be considered the black box of the activities of Islamist movements in Egypt. Suleyman, who was appointed Egypt`s intelligence chief in 1993, traveled to the United States for medical treatment but died under mysterious circumstances in July 2012 in Cleveland Hospital. Some analysts believe that he was killed by CIA agents so that the behind the scene secrets of the Mubarak regime`s overthrow and the coming to power of the Muslim Brotherhood would remain hidden, unaware that so far, several black boxes inside Egypt`s intelligence organization have been decoded and their secrets exposed. According to existing information, general Omar Suleyman obtained documents in February 2010, which showed that two CIA agents had held negotiations with a number of Muslim Brotherhood leaders for a period of three days in Ankara. Part of the negotiations were also attended by intelligence agents from Turkey and Qatar, and in one of the meetings, the Turkish vice president was also present. During these meetings, the CIA had requested that the Muslim Brotherhood introduce all its agents inside the Egyptian army to enable them to obtain a clearer assessment of the brotherhood`s level of influence; something that the Muslim Brotherhood leaders had refused to do. It was also determined that during these negotiations, the government of Qatar had promised to provide the Muslim Brotherhood with $3 billion in aid in order to overthrow Mubarak`s regime. Omar Suleyman made all the aforementioned documents available to Hosni Mubarak, Egypt`s overthrown president, and recommended that the Muslim brotherhood leaders must be given an opportunity to be present on the political scene. Afterward, documents proving their connection with the CIA would be exposed or their information would be conveyed to security organizations, whereby the Muslim Brotherhood`s important agents would be arrested and put on trial. However, Mubarak did not accept any of these suggestions, using the excuse that it may later be claimed that Egypt has spied against governments that are its friend, meaning the United States, Turkey, and Qatar, which in turn may lead to the Americans doing something rash. Therefore, Egypt`s intelligence agency began to monitor the actions of the Muslim Brotherhood and meetings between their agents and Israel in Europe. In the middle of 2010, a total of eight meetings took place between representatives of the Muslim Brotherhood and Israeli agents, and in a report to this country`s prime minister, Mossad announced that they must refrain from entering into any business contract with Egypt because Mubarak`s regime would undoubtedly fall before the end of 2011. At the same time, US intelligence agencies believed that by sacrificing Ahmed Ezz, the secretary of Egypt`s ruling National Democratic Party and Habib El-Adly, former interior minister, the people`s fury would be allayed, and by obtaining the people`s satisfaction, the Mubarak regime would be able to survive this crisis. However, Mossad believed that Mubarak lacked the necessary intelligence to carry out this act.
Following intensive negotiations between the CIA and the Muslim Brotherhood, in the presence of Mossad elements, it was agreed that should the Muslim Brotherhood come to power, Israel`s security and the export of Egyptian gas to this country will be guaranteed. On the other hand, the United States would encourage the Persian Gulf littoral states to provide the new regime with financial facilities. The United States` most unusual condition was that the Muslim Brotherhood would not appoint any presidential candidate because difficult years lay ahead and they must allow another individual to manage the country so that once the way is paved, the Muslim Brotherhood could then arrive on the scene. This would allow the brotherhood to obtain further popularity. The brotherhood leaders agreed to this condition and after the Mubarak regime`s overthrow, they expelled Abdel Moneim Aboulfotouh, who was insisting on his candidacy; although the latter was unaware of this agreement. When the brotherhood leaders realized that one of the military figures from the Army is becoming ready for the post of president, they began their communication with the US government and the Zionist regime, and repeated meetings took place between them. They threatened that should the military enter the scene, they will act in their own way, which meant that a rebellion would be initiated. Consequently, Khairat El-Shater, the brotherhood`s supreme guide requested that an urgent meeting should take place, in which, it was recommended that this agreement should be overlooked and the Muslim Brotherhood must introduce an independent candidate. This proposal was opposed by several guidance (ershad) elements. Some of the members supported Aboulfotouh`s candidacy whereas others believed that whoever becomes president must necessarily cooperate with the brotherhood, and there is therefore no need for the latter to introduce a candidate for the presidency. The meeting subsequently ended inconclusively.
When general Omar Suleyman decided to make himself the presidential candidate, the Muslim brotherhood introduced Khairat El-Shater as its own candidate, which provoked the anger of the United States and Israel. The US ambassador in Cairo announced his country`s dissatisfaction regarding this candidacy, which led brotherhood leaders to put forward other names such as Aboulfotouh, Sa`ad El-Katatni, and Essam El-Eryan, none of which was accepted by the Americans. The interesting point is that the US ambassador put forward Mohammed Mursi`s name, which amazed many of the Muslim Brotherhood`s young cadre. In a phone conversation with the brotherhood guide, he announced that Khairat El-Shater has withdrawn his candidacy! On the evening of the same day, the issue of Khairat El-Shater`s illegal candidacy was suggested! El-Shater believed that the military was seeking to discard him, whereas it was the US Embassy that had taken direct action!
Khairat El-Shater and Mohammed Mursi have had intense differences for a very long time. Mursi believed El-Shater to be a businessman and not a politician, and El-Shater regarded Mursi with skepticism because before his trip to the United States, Mursi had no connections with the Muslim Brotherhood, and his only connection was to an Islamic center in the United States, which Mustafa Mashhur, the brotherhood`s former guide had visited in 1981. After Mohammed Mursi`s return to Egypt, he experienced an unusual rise within the Muslim Brotherhood organization and in 2000, he became leader of the brotherhood`s parliamentary faction; a fact that El-Shater considered extremely suspicious. On the other hand, he was the only university professor, who was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood that had not been arrested. After the arrest of a number of brotherhood elements, El-Shater constantly asked Mohammed Mursi why he did not take part in the brotherhood`s meetings. After the demonstrations by the Muslim Brotherhood militia in Cairo`s Al-Azhar University, which led to the arrest of a high number of brotherhood leaders, nobody accused Mohammed Mursi! He was only arrested once for seven months, which looked like he was taking a long rest!
Many observers believe that the Americans did not accept Khairat El-Shater because he was extremely ambitious and may have disrupted the status quo. Furthermore, Aboulfotouh enjoyed a popular base and was able to quickly unify the various factions in society, and consequently he was also unacceptable. But Mohammed Mursi was a figure who neither enjoyed a popular status nor did he have sufficient charisma to be able to attract the majority of the public and and the Muslim Brotherhood cadres.
In the 2012 presidential election, according to the results of the election`s second round, Ahmed Shafiq was the winner of the election with 50.7% of the votes. The Supreme Military Council made certain information available to the Egyptian media, according to which, there had been election rigging in 15 Egyptian provinces in favor of Mohammed Mursi and four of the Muslim Brotherhood leaders had been accused of having carried out the election rigging. In view of complaints by Ahmed Shafiq`s supporters, the election HQ discussed several options such as the annulment of the election or the annulment of votes from those ballot boxes which had been rigged. Ultimately, the HQ members agreed to the annulment of the suspicious votes, as a result of which Ahmed Shafiq would have been the election`s winner. The day after the election, Khairat El-Shater, the brotherhood`s deputy general guide, had a meeting with high ranking military commanders, together with Sa`ad El-Katatni, the head of Egypt`s dissolved Parliament. In this meeting, they were told that they would only be able to announce Mohammed Mursi the election`s winner if the Muslim Brotherhood accepts that the defense, interior, and foreign ministers are selected by the Supreme Military Council and all decisions related to national security are taken by the military. The brotherhood representative opposed this suggestion and threatened that in such a case, they would once again drag the protestors to Al-Tahrir Square. At the same time, there was an intense round of communication between the US Embassy, Cairo, and the Supreme Military Council, and the Americans insisted that Mohammed Mursi should be declared the election`s winner. Consequently, under circumstances whereby the Supreme Military Council was preparing itself to announce the election`s outcome in favor of Ahmed Shafiq and to counter any kind of street demonstrations by Muslim Brotherhood supporters, general Tantawi forced the election HQ to declare Mohammed Mursi the election`s winner. Subsequently, after a week of struggles, the election`s outcome was changed in favor of the Muslim Brotherhood. Tantawi had told his deputies that Ahmed Shafiq knows everything but Mohammed Mursi is the kind of man to make deals!
After the announcement of Mursi`s victory, Benjamin Netanyahu, the Zionist regime`s prime minister sent a message of congratulation to Mohammed Mursi and asked him to support the Camp David peace treaty. He also expressed his interest in cooperation with Egypt and strengthening peace, just as Shimon Peres, the Israeli president, also expressed hope in his congratulatory message that under the “brave” leadership of Mohammed Mursi, Egypt will be able to deal with challenges that face the course ahead of the Egyptian nation.
In view of the secret agreement between the Muslim Brotherhood and the United States and Israel, despite the Muslim Brotherhood`s previous opposition to the Camp David peace treaty, Mohammed Mursi announced his commitment to this treaty. This has been supported by the fact that the transfer of Egyptian gas to Israel continues despite repeated gas pipeline explosions between the two countries and the new Egyptian government has been flooded with financial aid by the Persian Gulf littoral states. The government of Qatar alone has so far given $8 billion in aid to Egypt in the form of financial facilities or loans to Egypt`s Central Bank. Consequently, it can be observed that with the Mubarak regime`s overthrow, the US government has appropriated the Egyptian people`s revolution in its own favor and no significant development has come about in ties between Egypt, the United States, and the Zionist regime. In the contents of the credentials for the new government`s first ambassador, which was sent to Shimon Peres, leader of the Israeli government, the Egyptian president expressed his loyalty to the Zionist regime and described himself as Shimon Peres`s “loyal friend!” As far as relations between Egypt, the Palestinian National Authority, and Hamas are concerned, it is not expected that any change should take place in this country`s policy, and the experience of the past year has shown that despite the Hamas leaders` affiliation to the Muslim Brotherhood, there has been no significant change in Egypt`s policy with regard to the Gaza Strip`s rulers. The only change is that the movement of Palestinians through the Rafah Crossing has been facilitated. Under the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt is still showing reserve with regard to the establishment of ties with the Islamic Republic of Iran and despite repeated trips by Iran`s foreign minister to this country, there has been no improvement of ties.
(Description of Source: Tehran Jomhuri-ye Eslami Online in Persian -- Website of conservative daily officially licensed to Supreme Leader Khamene`i, but aligned with Expediency Council Chairman Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani; www.jomhourieslami.com)
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