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Turkish commentary says “coup” in Egypt engineered by West
BBC Monitoring European
July 05, 2013


 
A portrait of former Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi is seen near a Republican Guard building in Cairo July 5, 2013. Islamist allies of ousted president Mursi called on people to protest on Friday to express outrage at his overthrow by the army and to reject a planned interim government backed by their liberal opponents. REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih


Column by Abdulkadir Selvi: “The Finger Behind the Coup in Egypt”


The elected President in Egypt has been toppled in a military coup.


Now he is being held in detention somewhere.


While the President whom the nation had elected has been removed, the one that the coup had take the oath has been put in place.


Even if centuries should pass, [deposed President Muhammad] Mursi is Egypt`s elected and legitimate President.


Everything else is but details.


Because no excuse suffices to portray the coup as legitimate.


And from those countries that are the world`s champions of democracy, there is silence.


They were supposed to be against radical, fundamentalist regimes. And they wanted the Islamic world to live with democracy.


What happened?


Has even a one of them, including US President [Barack] Obama, been able to speak up and say: “We stand beside the elected President and democracy”?


Have you seen a single Western country or institution make a statement of “long live democracy in Egypt”?


They have turned the Arabs` spring into winter.


Because this is a coup stamped “Made in the West.”


Pay no attention to those malicious lies that he [Mursi] was unable to govern Egypt properly, and was moving towards one-man rule.


The road map announced following the coup indicates that preparations began on the very day that Mursi was elected.


When Israel attacked Gaza, Mursi got up and said that “Israel must be aware that the countries of the region are no longer the old countries of the region, and that the leaders are no longer the old leaders.” The button was pushed on that day.


They were thinking of the new Egypt, the new Middle Eastern order, and the future of Israel.


Consequently, this coup was staged more in accord with foreign policy priorities than with the domestic dynamics.


But gentlemen, not everything is over in Egypt; in fact, everything is just beginning once again.


The Arab Spring which you caused to be born prematurely is coming, growing stronger and putting down roots.


Mursi did not submit, you know; he called upon his people to resist, you know, and the Muslim Brotherhood has not recognized the coup or submitted...


The important thing was not what the West or the military did. They worked with the dictators for years; the job of the military was to be the sword of the dictators, and the avenging angel that cut down democracy. Everyone did what was appropriate to his own innate character and the task he was assigned.


The important thing was what Mursi was going to do, and how the Ikhwan [Brothers] were going to behave.


Perhaps they have lost in Egypt today.


But they have taken a place in the future of Egypt.


And they have also written their names with golden letters at the top of the democracy page.


They came through election, and they can display banners of honour saying: “We resisted against the coup, and we did not bow down to tyranny.”


If they had acted otherwise, had not resisted, and had submitted to the coup, then they would have lost.


They would have lost both their power and their dignity.


Now they have perhaps lost their power, but as the “resisting Ikhwan,” they have more prestige than in the past.


Their heads are held high.


The coup plotters have won today in Egypt.


Warplanes flew through the skies of Egypt yesterday.


The coup plotters engaged in a show of force against their own people with airplanes that are unable to fly against Israel.


Their tanks move against their people, and their warplanes are flown in order to intimidate their people.


The day is theirs.


But the future will belong to those who believe in democracy.


In the future, Mursi, who did not recognize the coup and called for resistance, and people like him, will win.


Sooner or later, victory will go to “resisting democracy” and “resisting Mursi.”


Congratulations to Huseyin Celik


No matter where in the world it might be, whenever there is a threat to democracy, we see AKP [Justice and Development Party] Deputy Chairman Huseyin Celik waging a struggle against it.


When the 27 April [2007] e-memorandum was issued, he went onto the television screens and made courageous statements.


When efforts were made to bring down the government by exploiting Gezi Park as an opportunity, and when people were afraid to send Twitter messages, Huseyin Celik, as a brave democrat, was there on live broadcasts and in social media.


When democracy was being overturned in Egypt, and when the elected President was being toppled before the eyes of the world, in an environment in which a good many people remained silent, Huseyin Celik spoke out.


Democracy needs strong voices like this.


The coup means, at the same time, an administration of fear. The shroud of fear is overcome by actions by courageous democrats of this sort.


If Prime Minister [Recep Tayyip] Erdogan had not launched the resistance along with the hundreds of thousands who welcomed him on his return from Morocco, and if [Prime Ministerial Chief Adviser] Yalcin Akdogan had not said that “we will not allow Erdogan to be devoured,” some people`s ambitions might not have been thwarted.


For this reason, I applaud the brave and stalwart democrats who speak out at moments when everyone is silent. I salute Huseyin Celik for his courageous stance. I will continue to applaud everyone who takes a stance on the side of democracy, and against coups.


“Resist, democracy!”


Source: Yeni Safak website, Istanbul, in Turkish 0000 gmt 5 Jul 13


© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


Saudi comment raps West`s “hypocritical” stand on democracy in Egypt
BBC Monitoring Middle East
July 05, 2013


Editorial: “Fixing Democracy”


Military parades generally take a lot of preparation. Much careful thought must have gone into the manoeuvres of the Egyptian air force fighters as they drew a heart with their vapor trails in the sky above Cairo and then later


And of course careful preparation takes time. The Egyptian military have probably been planning this coup from the moment that it became apparent that Muhammad Morsi would win the presidential election. The generals have waited for over a year, whenever possible throwing obstructions in Morsi`s path but never behaving so outlandishly that the blame for the Morsi administration`s failings could ever be laid directly at the gates of their barracks.


Well now their moment has come and the legitimately-elected president of a new democracy has been overthrown. Those countries that applauded the ouster of Mubarak and the end of what was effectively a military dictatorship have all taken a similar line in the way that they have expressed their disapproval. In the first sentence they have condemned the coup. In the very next, they have urged a swift return to democracy.


On the face of it, nothing could be more reasonable. But surely there is a code being used here. That wish for a rapid return to democracy ought to mean the reinstatement of Morsi, the man whom the Egyptians chose, albeit narrowly, to be their president in an election which international observers ruled as being fair. That would be the restoration of democracy.


But that of course is not what Western powers in particular mean by these statements. They want fresh elections, but this wish is not born of a genuine wish for democracy. Rather it comes out of the hope that the next time that Egyptians are invited to choose a government, they will choose one that is more acceptable to the West which has conflated Muslim political parties with Jihadist fanatics. When concerns of this magnitude are at stake, based on profound ignorance, if not outright prejudice, then the hallowed principles of democracy, one man, one vote and accepting the decision of the people, fly out the window.


This is by no means the first time that the West has behaved in this hypocritical manner. When Hamas won the 2006 Palestinian elections in what international monitors nearly all agreed was a fair contest, President George W. Bush refused to accept the outcome. Hamas was a terrorist organization. The result could not be allowed to stand. This double standard was the more unacceptable for the fact that the West has so frequently told insurgents around the world that they should abandon violence and take the path of peace through the ballot box.


The great lie in this pretense is that a democratic choice will only be accepted if the right people win the most votes. Thus behind the crocodile tears that some leaders have been crying for President Morsi, there is the clear hope that fresh elections will lead to a collapse in support for the Muslim Brotherhood`s Freedom and Justice Party. If, however, that support were to hold fast or even to strengthen in an angry response to the military coup, there is always the option of stuffing the ballot boxes. After all when you have abandoned one basic tenet of democracy, why not abandon the rest?


Source: Saudi Gazette website, Jedda, in English 5 Jul 13


© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


Israeli comment says Egypt returning to “military dictatorship”
BBC Monitoring Middle East
July 05, 2013


Commentary by Prof. Hilel Frisch: “Welcome Back to Mubarak`s Egypt”


The latest chapter in the Egyptian Revolution is being celebrated by many as another victory for democracy and freedom. However, it is nothing more than a return to the military dictatorship of Husni Mubarak. Egypt`s troubles may only be beginning.


The Egyptian army`s announcement of an ultimatum “to heed the will of the people” in retrospect said it all. Gen. Abd-al Fattah al-Sisi, the Minister of Defence appointed by the democratically-elected president he was about to ouster, talked about “the will of the people” in the typical manner of dictators, as if the people were united. In fact, the people were deeply divided between an opposition that wanted President Muhammad Morsi`s head and his supporters who believed that the first president in Egypt`s history to be elected in free elections should be allowed to remain for the full four years in office, as stipulated by the constitution. This constitution, they argued, was supported by 63 per cent of voters in a national referendum.


The army`s moves on the ground clearly showed that it sided completely with the opposition. All of their demands were met and more: Morsi was ousted and placed under arrest, the constitution was suspended, a government that included the military was set to take over, and new presidential and parliamentary elections were called for the distant future. Just to make sure, the military refrained from committing itself to any timetable.


The clearest indication that Egypt is moving back in time -restoring what the Egyptians call “the deep state” that prevailed under Nasir, Sadat, and Mubarak -was the decision to replace the ousted democratically-elected president with the President of the Constitutional Court, Adli Mansur. Mansur`s bio reveals that he started his legal career in the legislative section in the President`s Office under Gamal Abd-al Nasir, showing clearly that he is not the man that will allow any moves to restore democracy.


Ironically, the same upper-middle class youth who ousted former president Husni Mubarak were now instrumental in the comeback of Mubarak`s Egypt. The same youth who just a year ago shouted “down with the military” and were used by Morsi in his confrontation with the army, were now equally used by the military and others in the “deep state” to bring themselves back to power. The military lost power to Morsi after ruling Egypt ineptly for eighteen months in the aftermath of Mubarak`s ouster. Just one year later they find themselves back on top.


The youth, the military, and the United States should have been wiser. They should have allowed Morsi his full term in office to fail. At that point, a weak president ruling over an even weaker state might have been pressured to hold democratic elections once again. Washington could have placed pressure on the Egyptian government to hold free elections in such a situation, reminding Morsi that an American withdrawal of financial and technological aid could cause Egypt to collapse. The Muslim Brotherhood, in the biggest and most important Arab state, would have then been elected out of office. This would have delivered a clear message throughout the Arab world that politics is about electing people who are armed with policies needed to address society`s pressing problems, not with guns and other modes of suppression. The focus on the highly contentious issues of religious and national identity would have given way to an emphasis on the pragmatics of enhancing human welfare and citizen rights.


Instead, the bitter adherents of the Muslim Brotherhood and other Salafist groups (and at a later stage the youth in Tamarod once they realize that they were wronged again) might learn an entirely different lesson, an ominous one played out in other revolutions: the beheading of potential counter-revolutionaries in a manner they themselves refrained from doing after Mubarak`s ouster. Despite the fireworks and roars of Egypt`s opposition as Mubarak`s military took over the reins of power, Egypt`s trials and tribulations are hardly over. They might only be unfolding.


Source: BESA Center website, Ramat Gan, in English 0000 gmt 4 Jul 13


© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


Turkish paper criticizes Egyptian coup
BBC Monitoring European
July 05, 2013


Column by Abdulkadir Selvi: “Down WIth Coup, Mursi Resist”.”


What was feared happened in Egypt. The military seized power. There was a coup in Egypt. Egypt, which held pyramids for thousands of years, could not hold democracy for one year. Elected President [Muhammad] Mursi was toppled by a military intervention. However, Mursi is still Egypt`s legitimate president.


As he has not succumbed until now to the coup and put up a resistance, from this date on he has become the “Symbol of democracy” at the same time. Last night, horrific events took place in Egypt. The military staged a coup in Egypt.


However, it was also a historic night in Egypt for democracy. President Mursi threw down the gauntlet saying, “I reject the coup.” He resisted, he did not submit to the coup. As the military announced the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court as president, Mursi, as the elected president said: “I am on duty.” Whatever the outcome, this is an incredible resistance.


Mursi did not even stop at that. He summoned people to resist. It is not all over in Egypt; in reality everything is just beginning again. There is a Mursi resisting, and there is an Ikhwan resisting. They may now look as though they have lost, but what has started is nothing other than a new period for struggle. As an elected president was overthrown, the West performed very poorly in the test.


The United States once again stood by the military and dictators, not by those who are elected. Instead of supporting the elected president and keeping democracy on its feet in Egypt, it winked at the leaders of the coup. The announcements of the head of the military administration [Egyptian Chief of the General Staff Abdul Fatah] al-Sisi point at the coup process having started very soon after the Muslim Brotherhood`s election victory and Mursi`s coming to power. In a country like ours, highly experienced in coups, we know all about the process of coups. Kenan Evren had said on the morning of 12 September [1980, Turkish coup] that they had seized power in order to stop the bloodshed among brothers. However, he shed the blood of brothers until he seized power.


In Egypt, which has always been ruled by dictators, from Nasser to Anwar al-Sadat, and from there to Hosni Mubarak, there had been strong pillars in the form of the military, judiciary, and the bureaucracy. Sheik Camiul Ezher, on the other hand, gave the fatwa for the tutelage system that was in place since the “sterilization” process experienced from the Mubarak period until now. As the military seized control in Egypt, this coalition was at work again. The “road map” it announced as it seized power reveals this cooperation very clearly.


The president of the Supreme Constitutional Court will be president. The constitution will be suspended. There will be an interim government. A new constitution will be prepared. Elections will be held after a certain period. After the conditions are prepared, presidential elections will be held. All this cannot be done in 48 hours. These are the products of a mature Road Map that has been long in preparation. This coup heralds outcomes that are much more than just a regime change in Egypt. The Camp David order, based on the principle of the security of Israel which has been shaken by the Arab Spring, is being re-established.


This is because Egypt means also Africa. Egypt means also the Middle East.


It means the security of Israel starting from Cairo. It means that this change in Egypt is a “kiss of life” for the Damascus regime in Syria. It means that the dictators trembling in the face of the Arab Spring can breathe a sigh of relief. Mursi came to power on 1 July 2012. He took over a tougher high judiciary than the conditions set by the 28 February [1997] in Turkey, a stronger military, and a resistant bureaucracy. The three pillars locked up the state. When asked about the process leading up to 12 September, the [Turkish] prime minister of that time, Suleyman Demirel, said: “The state was locked up.”


It is just like that. Institutions that are the remnants of dictatorship, as merciless as the pharaohs, as tough as the pyramids, did not just bring the state to a standstill. In Egypt, a period that is open to all kinds of outcomes is starting. The most serious danger is a civil war starting in Egypt. However, it appears that those staging the coup have a road map in their hand as to what to do from now on. It is clear that this road map will not just be about how Egypt will be ruled.


This is because rather than the internal dynamics of this coup, its foreign dimension, particularly the security of Israel and Syria, is stronger. A reversal of the domino effect experienced with the Arab Spring which greatly worries Israel, is aimed for. Meanwhile, a point that must be applauded, is that Mursi and Ikhwan did not recognize the coup and took the decision to resist against the coup. It may seem as all is over in Egypt, but everything is starting again in Egypt. Whatever the outcome, I applaud Egypt`s elected legitimate President Mursi. President Mursi has decried the coup, and I support his attitude until the end.


I criticize the West`s stance that has once again collaborated with the organizers of the coup. I curse those who staged the coup in Egypt. Despite everything, I say: “Resist Mursi,” “Resist Ikhwan,” and “Resist Democracy.”


Source: Yeni Safak website, Istanbul, in Turkish 4 Jul 13


© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


 


 


 



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